Дарохранительница {2762}
The Black Death struck in Italy in 1349, followed by an economic crisis that brought about a sharp break in sculptural activity, so that, with the exception of Andrea Orcagna's shrine in the Orsanmichele in Florence, the sculptural scene remained extremely barren until the closing decade of the century.
Orcagna - a painter, sculptor and architect - was commissioned to execute the only significant, large-scale sculpture of the time in Florence, the mammoth tabernacle for Orsanmichele.
This Gothic marble structure, rather like a miniature church, was a religious and civic edifice built to house Bernardo Daddi's repainting of a lost image of the Virgin and Child. Hexagonal reliefs of the virtues and octagonal reliefs of the Life of the Virgin alternate on its base. The programme culminates in the large relief on the back, the "Dormition and Assumption of the Virgin", where the work is signed and dated 1359.
Орканья А.
Andrea Orcagna
Florence: Orsanmichele
БР и Младенец на троне с ангелами
Virgin and Child enthroned with angels

Успение и Вознесение БР

Dormition and Ascension of the Virgin
Marble, lapis lazuli, gold and glass inlay.
The tabernacle is encrusted with precious lapis, gold and glass inlay that creates a brilliant, shining polychromy; it is especially dense in the celestial realm, rendering the area still flatter.
The elaborate decoration is equivalent to the rich brocades in contemporary painting, a taste which blossomed with the International Gothic style.
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