- Мастер Алтаря Требонского
- Master of the Trebon Altarpiece
- Глубока: гал.
- Hluboka: Alsova Jihoceska Galeria
- The graceful Virgin is dressed in a blue mantle with a red lining and is kneeling on an ornate cushion as if worshipping in front of an altar; She prays to Her Child,
who is firmly wrapped into swaddling clothes and rests in the watering trough-used as a cradle-of the stable.
- Behind Maria there stands Joseph, a simple man with a somewhat coarse face. His huge hand rests on the delicate lace shawl covering the fence.
- In the top corner on the right two sturdy shepherds with characteristic features and in torn clothes listen excitedly to the tidings of the birth of Jesus.
- At the bottom of the picture they appear again: they have come to adore the Infant.
- The environment is just indicated: on a terraced rocky ground there is only scanty vegetation.
- Tiny birds populate the whole scene.
- On the right-hand side there is a small genre picture with a group of oxen, sheep, a goat and a pig, the latter with a magpie on its back.
- The painting is a characteristic example of the attempt of the International Gothic style to unite opposites.
- The noble and clear contours of the Virgin and her ethereal and idealized figure differ markedly from the other characters of the scene, thick-set and cruder, but represented in a more shaded manner.
- Although Joseph and the shepherds are depicted naturally and without any prejudice, they follow the rules of a hierarchy in their very dimensions.
- While attempting to convey spatiality the artist also paid attention to a decorative arrangement of the surface.
- Spatial depth is indicated by means of the layered ground, and the way the stable building is set at an angle. Moreover, the mysterious semi-darkness of the scene also suggests space.
- At the same time the representation is strongly connected with the two-dimensional plane of the painting, the motifs being placed rather above than behind one another, thus evenly filling up the whole field of the picture.
- The poles supporting the stable divide the field into three parts and create a triptych-like arrangement with the Virgin and the Infant in the middle, while Joseph is on the left "wing" and the shepherds on the right one.
- The various forms meet in a harmonious way, such as, for example, the elongated back of the Virgin, parallel with the supporting poles of the stable, or her halo, beautifully fitting the supports of the roof.
- The only stressed line that crosses another one is the white-sleeved arm of the shepherd in yellow clothes and that of the pole supporting the stable.
- It is needed because the artist wanted to clarify the spatial position of the two figures.
- His way of thinking in terms of the plane of the picture is characteristically exemplified by the figures of the two shepherds in the background leaning against each other.
- Доска хвойная, темпера.
- Tempera on spruce.
- предмет с изображением: