- Lorenzo Monaco was a monk of the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence.
- This ascetic order had been founded in 1012 by a Benedictine monk, St Romuald, shocked at the decadent laxity of his own monastery, and named by him after the mountain locality of Camaldoli in Tuscany where he built a hermitage.
- Legend has it that he dreamed of a ladder stretching from earth to Heaven, on which men in white robes were ascending, and thereupon decreed that the monks of his new order would dress in white.
- For this reason, Camaldolese altarpieces such as this one always show St Benedict, the 6th-century founder of the Benedictines, dressed in white rather than Benedictine black.
- Лоренцо М.
- Lorenzo Monaco
- Лондон: Нац. гал.
- London: NGA
- Коронование БР
- Coronation of the Virgin and Adoring saints
- Benedict is shown here on the extreme left, his book inscribed with the opening words of the Prologue of his Rule, which the Camaldolites as reformed Benedictines observed.
- In his left hand is the birch he used to chastise errant monks.
- At his side sit St John the Baptist and St Matthew with his Gospel.
- Equally venerable on the extreme right is St Romuald in his white habit, with no lesser personages than St Peter and St John the Evangelist beside him.
- These and other saints are witnessing the Coronation by Christ of the Virgin after her Assumption to Heaven, a scene first depicted in 13th-century France and at this period extremely popular in Florence, although it is not mentioned in the Gospels.
- Since the Virgin sometimes personifies the Church, Christ vesting her with a regal crown confirms the authority of Church and Pope, a suitable subject in this city politically allied with the Papacy. Angels make music below.
- Viewing this attractive work in its present state and location,
it is easy to forget its solemn liturgical function and institutional self-promotion - the way the founding saints of the Benedictine and Camaldolese orders are installed in Heaven on equal terms with Evangelists, apostles and the Baptist.
- It is even harder to remember that the artist who painted these calligraphic lines,
delicious colour combinations - the Virgin's robe has faded from its original pinkish mauve - and courtly mannered angels was himself a member of that austere, white-clad community.
- 1050х1820 + 1150х2170 + 1020х1790.
- The main panel was divided into three parts sometime after 1792 and the side pieces and central scene entered the NGA at different times. They are now shown in a modern frame.
- предмет с изображением:
- True Color
- 180 Kb
- co_vir1l - central section of a triptych
- True Color
- 134 Kb
- Egg tempera on poplar.
- In its original form the altarpiece was not divided as a triptych but presented a single surface with a three-arched top, with gables and a predella.